#02
Swaraj Bill
Aam Aadmi Party will legislate the Swaraj Act to devolve power directly to the people. Decisions affecting the local community will be taken by citizens and implemented by their Secretariat. A Citizen Local Area Development (C-LAD) Fund will be given to every Mohalla Sabha and Resident Welfare Association, ensuring funds and functions in the hands of the community.
Project Updates

The Aam Aadmi Party government launched the ambitious scheme of decentralised governance through Mohalla Sabhas in June 2016. The idea is to empower the citizens to discuss, deliberate and decide on the works to be undertaken in their locality. The Delhi Government conducted a pilot project of Mohalla Sabhas in 11 districts last year. Local residents were delegated the power to take decisions under Citizen Local Area Development (C-LAD) fund or Swaraj Nidhi for developmental works in their areas. Based on the success of pilot project the government has decided to form Mohalla Sabhas in all parts of the city. The Delhi cabinet announced the formation of 2972 Mohalla Sabhas in all 70 assembly constituencies of Delhi. The government conducted detailed ground survey for the delimitation of Mohalla Sabhas based on the inputs gathered from local citizens, public representatives and officials about the area according to which Mohalla Sabhas have been demarcated. GIS mapping of each Mohalla was done by a dedicated team of experts using satellite maps and data was collected during the ground survey through My Tracks-a google enable android application to ensure precision in delimitation. Delhi Finance Minister Manish Sisodia had announced provision of Rs 350 Cr. under Citizen LAD scheme for 2016-17, which will be equally distributed among all 2972 Mohalla Sabhas. Mohalla sabhas will coordinate with different government agencies for the execution of developmental works, identify and facilitate beneficiaries for different social sector schemes such as old age pension, and solve local grievances with the help of local officers. Additionally, the local institutions which includes schools, anganwadis, PDS shops etc. will be made accountable to the Mohalla Sabhas. There will be quarterly performance review of all such institutions at Mohalla level. Mohalla Sabhas will also act as an engine for spreading awareness about various government schemes and programs such as Odd-even scheme. All registered voters in each Mohalla would be members of the Mohalla Sabha. Each Mohalla Sabha will have 2 coordinators, who will be residents of that area. The coordinators will organize and facilitate monthly Mohalla Sabha meetings. However, the BJP led Central Government, through the Lieutenant Governor (LG), has put a spanner in the wheel of this project by refusing to approve it. The Mohalla Sabha File is with the LG who has not approved it till now. This shows that the BJP is afraid of giving back power to the common people and rather, wants the common citizen to be outside the process of taking decisions. This only emboldens the corrupt clique of politicians and bureaucrats. Deputy Chief Minister Sh. Manish Sisodia presented Aam Aadmi Party government's first Delhi budget on 25th June 2015. It was the country's first "Swaraj" budget; where extensive consultations and deliberations were held across Delhi with the common public to understand their needs and requirements from the government. This democratized the process in which public monies are spent by the government and made the expenditure transparent and as per people's expectations. 8 Libraries and Senior Citizen Centers launched in Karawal Nagar, which were development works decided by the Mohalla Sabha Pilot held in 2015-16 Delhi Government had conducted over 400 Mohalla Sabha meetings in 11 constituencies to ask, tabulate and execute works that the citizens of the Mohalla Sabha wanted and needed in their community To execute this, Delhi Government has piloted the Swaraj Fund, under which all development works would be proposed and awarded by Mohalla Sabhas, for which Rs. 350 crore was allocated in 2015-16. These 8 libraries are a landmark in Delhi Governance because the decision for these 8 libraries was not taken by bureaucrats, officers or politicians but by the people directly.

Proof

Mohallas have been demarcated in all the constituencies of Delhi. The mohallas have been demarcated on the basis of polling booths and the voters’ list in each area, said AAP leader Atishi Marlena. “We need a certified voters’ list from the Election Commission for each area. We have divided mohalla sabhas on the basis of polling booths. Each sabha will be based around one polling booth,” said Atishi Marlena, who is spearheading the project. Each constituency has been mapped into 30-40 mohallas, each representing about 4000-6000 residents. A team of 15 volunteers has completed the task of forming mohalla sabhas in every area, said sources, adding that the process also involved mapping the mohallas, digitizing the results and transferring the data to an app. The information will be useful while undertaking developmental works in these areas.

Proof

The Government of NCT of Delhi launched a unique initiative to involve citizens in participatory budgeting exercise through Mohalla Sabhas in 11 selected Assembly Constituencies. The aim of the exercise was : 1. Assessment of local needs 2. Prioritization of works being demanded by the people through voting 3. Redressal of grievances Under this initiative 35 Mohalla Sabhas were conducted in the District. The pilot Mohalla Sabha was attended by Hon’ble Chief Minister Shri Arvind Kejriwal, Deputy Chief Minister Shri Manish Sisodia, MLAs, Chief Secretary, senior officers and all District Magistrates of Delhi on 19th April, 2015 at three places in Patpargunj AC. Each Mohalla Sabha was presided over by senior officers from the District Magistrate office and assisted by volunteers from the participating locality. The participating locality was formed by merging 3-4 homogeneous polling stations so that Mohalla character should be uniform. Voters of the Mohalla Sabhas were invited through invitation letter issued by the office on behalf of Hon’ble Deputy CM. Extensive local media campaign like banners, rickshaw announcements were also made. Each event was properly documented. The first Mohalla Sabha was livestreamed on the web. The Mohalla Sabhas got extensive media coverage and participation of citizens were in large numbers with a variety of demands for different areas.

Proof